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1. Title of Research Programme : Paphos in Ottoman sources The programme was designed to highlight the more recent past of Paphos, side by side with the glorious age of antiquity and the Roman period. As Paphos has been chosen for Cultural Capital of Europe in 2017, it is more than necessary to present a contribution referring to its history during Ottoman times.

2Aims The primary aim of the programme proposed for funding is to create a corpus of Ottoman sources on Paphos. The history of Paphos in Ottoman times is completely unknown, if we exclude patchy information from Western sources and certain demographic and financial data from Ottoman archival documents on the area, in the years immediately following the Tanzimat. Literature testifies to this: studies on Ottoman Paphos are extremely few and far between. The research proposal has two pillars on which it will be based so as to provide the corresponding products.  Α. The publication of the census of the town and the area of Paphos immediately following the conquest of the island in 1572. This is the first Ottoman tax register which reflects the inhabited area, in other words, toponyms and anthroponyms are recorded, as are, indirectly, the economic activities of the inhabitants, through the taxation imposed by the Ottoman ruler. The census reveals the previous situation on the island, during Venetian times, namely portraying the housing network, population figures for the settlements and the economic activities of the inhabitants. Therefore, the continuity of the Christian population and the place it inhabited before and after the Ottoman conquest of the island can be traced. Changes and the continuity in the composition of the Christian population following the dramatic political changes after the conquest can be observed along with whatever these infer (voluntary or compulsory movements, destruction, massacres, persecution, Islamizations).

 Βa. The publication of the 1831 population census. The census of the kaza of Paphos in 1831 includes the following registers: 1. ΝFS.defteri no. 3751 which records the Muslim population 2. ΝFS.defteri no. 3752 which records those belonging to the category gayr-i muslim, i.e. the non-Muslim inhabitants. The male population of the town and the villages in Paphos is recorded. The value of the source is all too clear.  Bb. ML. VRD. TMT. 16155. This is a Temettuat Defteri in which below the name of each settlement, the movable and immovable assets of the households living there are recorded. The census includes natural persons as well as the assets of churches and Muslim institutions in the settlements. A list is drawn up of fields, vineyards, fruit trees and olive trees, livestock, beehives, mills, presses, threshing-floors, oil-presses, fences, pens, offices, carding-machines, shops, storerooms, tavernas, inns, etc. The Temettuat Defterleri are a valuable source for studying the economy and the society of a place. They illustrate the economic status of the inhabitants, indirectly presenting social stratification. Secondly they show the distribution of wealth among the two ethno-religious communities, Muslim and Christian.

The volume published by the Prime Ministry Ottoman Archive in 2000, includes aggregated data from the Nüfus Defterleri, and data from the Temettuat Defterleri (TC Βaşbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü, Osmanlı Arşivi Daire Başkanlığı, Osmanlı İdaresinde Kıbrıs (Nufusu – Arazi Dağılımı – Türk Vakıfları), Ankara 2000). The aggregated numbers per settlement are given. In our edition we present the data as it appears in the Ottoman document.
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